Spanish pronouns – part 2

Spanish direct object pronouns

Direct object pronouns uses

In most of cases the direct object is placed before the verb unlike in English. For instance: Te oigo (I hear you), No los traigas (don’t bring them).

However there are a some exceptions where the direct object pronoun goes after the verb in a attached way.

– For instance in affirmative commands:

Llámale (Call him)

Mírame (look at me)

Vete de aquí (get away from here)

 

– Constructions with the infinitive:

Tengo que irme (I have to go)

No puedo dormirme (I can’t sleep)

 

– Construction with the gerund:

Estoy viéndolo justo ahora (I am watching it right now)

Estoy disfrutándolos mucho (I am enjoying them very much)

Indirect object pronouns

An indirect object is the person or object for whom an action is being or has been performed. It is usually indicated in English by the words “to” or “for.” The indirect object would be the person or object that receives as a result of it. Take a look on the following example.

Marta está escribiendo una carta a su hermana (Marta is writing a letter to her sister)

The subject in this sentence is “Marta,” and the verb is “está escribiendo”. The direct object is “carta” and the indirect object would be “hermana.”

 

You could also say the sentence in the following way:

 

Marta está escribiéndole una carta  (Marta is writing a letter to her)

 

“Le” refers to Marta’s sister. In this sentence, the indirect object noun has been replaced by a indirect object pronoun.

 

Read in the following section the indirect object pronouns:

 

-First person singular:                                    me

Me llamó por teléfono (He/she call me by phone)

 

-Second person singular (informal):                  te

Te escribió una carta (He/she sent you a letter)

 

-Second person singular (polite):                      le

Le dije que no podía (I told you I couldn’t –polite-)

 

-Third person singular:                                    le

Le mandé una foto (I sent him/her a photo)

 

-First person plural:                                       nos

Nos llevaron al cine (The took us to the cinema)

 

-Second person plural (informal):                     os

Os leí un cuento (I red you a tale)

 

-Second person plural (formal):                       les

Les compré un regalo (I bought you a present –polite-)

 

-Third person plural (plural):                            les

Les canté una canción (I sang them a song)

 

We hope we helped with the Spanish pronouns. (Spanish info)

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